Airport Capital Improvement Plan

The Capital Improvement Plan (CIP) includes airfield improvements, terminal enhancements, and sustainability initiatives, which are carefully executed to minimize disruptions to airlines, passengers, and airport operations. Collaboration with regulatory agencies, local municipalities, and industry partners is integral, ensuring our projects align with broader aviation goals. Our commitment to excellence drives continual innovation and infrastructure investment, aiming for a world-class airport experience.

Airport Perimeter Dike

The Airport Perimeter Dike (APD) separates the airfield from San Francisco Bay waters and protects the South Field of the Airport from storm events and rising Bay waters. The first phase of APD improvements were substantially completed in January 2022 and enhanced the 4.5-mile structure to meet Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) certification standards and meet projected mid-century sea level rise impacts.

The second phase of the project focuses on the seismic resiliency of the APD. Earthquakes are an unavoidable feature of the Bay Area’s risk landscape. Additionally, given the soil composition supporting the dike, structural upgrades are needed to reinforce and stabilize the dike structure. The Phase 2 upgrades will provide improvements necessary to protect the dike from catastrophic damage during a major earthquake by constructing dense aggregate columns to reinforce and densify granular soils. Construction is anticipated to begin in 2024.

Taxiway Whiskey

Taxiway Whiskey has been identified for rehabilitation through the Airport Pavement Management
System (APMS) program and prioritized based on the pavement condition and use. Taxiway Whiskey is
operationally critical to the Airport, serving as the only parallel taxiway to the main air carrier Runway 12
30. Due to its inherent characteristics as Runway 12-30’s parallel taxiway, serving nearly all commercial
aeronautical operations and high-performance jet aircraft, the Taxiway W rehabilitation requires multiple
phases, operational restrictions, and comprehensive stakeholder coordination to ensure operational
continuity and safety throughout the project. Due to recent pavement assessments, the rehabilitation of
the entire length (11,000 ft long by 75 ft) of Taxiway W has been prioritized over the next few years.

Main Parking Lot Security Upgrades

As part of OAK’s effort to increase security and enhance passenger experience at the Airport, the Landside Security Camera Project has been initiated to expand the Airport’s video surveillance systems at several landside locations. The Main Parking Lot Security Upgrades project design included installing camera technologies that can deliver comprehensive coverage to enhance safety and security in the Premier, Hourly, and Daily public parking lots. Technologies include fixed and pantilt-zoom cameras to provide surveillance of the public parking lots to deter and investigate criminal activity. The total cost of construction for the Main Parking Area is about $10.0 million and was completed in the Summer 2022.

Terminal Restroom

Restrooms in the Terminal 1 concourse have been in service for more than 15 years, and restrooms in Terminal 2 for more than 10 years. Growing passenger demand has put additional stress on these aging facilities, requiring increased staff time and resources to clean and maintain to acceptable standards. The program will include gender-neutral facilities, water-efficient design, modernizing with sustainable and durable finishes and that meet current standards, extend life cycle, and ease maintenance requirements. Phase 1 at Gates 3, 4 and 7 will begin construction beginning in early 2024. This project will be submitted for FAA BIL competitive Airport Terminal Program (ATP) and will be funded using ATP and/or future Passenger Facility Charges (PFCs).

T1 Carpet Replacement

The Terminal 1 Carpet Replacement project refreshed the terminal with a new, modern design to enhance the passenger travel experience at the airport. The new carpet will not only improve the aesthetics of the terminal but also align with the Airport’s sustainability goals. The new carpet is comprised of 41% recycled content and over 50,000 square feet of old carpet—roughly 15,000 pounds of flooring material was recycled. That resulted in 95% of total waste materials being recycled from the project and was certified as a Tier 1 processor by the Carpet America Recovery Effort (CARE).

Wayfinding Touch Screen Maps

Digital airport wayfinding monitors are sophisticated digital displays strategically placed throughout airports to enhance passenger navigation. These high-tech screens utilize advanced technology, including interactive maps to help passengers navigate to airlines, gates, concessions, restrooms, and other terminal amenities. The digital airport wayfinding monitors are user-friendly interfaces and QR codes allow passengers to download their search to their phone as they continue to navigate through the terminal.

Full Trash Capture

The State Water Resources Control Board (State Water Board) has identified that trash in the State’s waterways impairs water quality, threatens aquatic life, degrades habitat, and jeopardizes public health and safety. As a result, the State Water Board has issued Statewide Trash Amendments requiring permittees such as the Port to capture all trash from discharging from its storm drains to surrounding waterbodies by December 2, 2030. Studies have identified six (6) catchments across the airport campus suitable to receive large trash capture devices and has developed a Large Trash Capture Compliance Program (Program) to systematically design and construct before 2030. The first device has been installed in 2023 near the main parking lot and consists of a net attached on an outfall pipe that discharges to an existing water treatment bioswale. Performance of the device is on-going over the next year, while the remaining devices are being design for installation to meet the 2030 deadline. The cost is estimated at $8.2 million.

Electric Shuttle Buses and Charging Infrastructure

Expansion of electrification initiatives is a top priority in order to meet air quality mandates. The purchase of 5 electric buses was initiated in FY22 to replace the aging and non-operative Airport shuttle bus fleet. New buses are expected to arrive in Summer of 2024. The estimated $5.3 million cost for the 5 buses will be partially funded with FAA Zero-Emissions Vehicles (ZEV) grant funding of about $1.5 million and a state CARB HVIP grant of $600,000. Additionally, a state California Energy Commission (CEC) EnergIIZE grant for $577,000 has been approved to help offset the cost of the chargers. EV bus procurement is included in the 5-Year CIP for a total of $11.8 million. To support the operation of the new electric buses, a bus charging depot will be constructed to accommodate both the Airport parking shuttle fleet and the rental car shuttle fleet. The charging depot will be completed in time for the arrival of the electric buses, with final completion in FY 2025 for the approximate cost of $22.2 million. The full build out of the bus lot to accommodate up to 40 buses and an administration building is included in the 5-Year CIP at an additional cost of about $9.0 million.

Electrical Substations SS-1 & SS-2 Replacement

Substation SS-1 and SS-2 are located near Earhart Road and were installed in 1982 and are beyond their 30-year design life. SS-1 is an essential piece of infrastructure, serving as one of the Airport’s two points of connection with the California electrical transmission system. This infrastructure is critical to the reliable power feed and distribution for the Airport. The scope of this project is replace the aging substations, switchgears, and distribution system as necessary for continued system reliability. Design is currently underway and it is anticipated that the project will be bid in late 2023. Equipment procurement will need to begin as soon as possible due to extremely long lead times. Construction is expected to begin in 2024. The $53.2 million budget is included in the 5-Year CIP for this project.

Terminal 2 Security Exit

The Terminal 2 Security Exit is used as the main exit for pedestrian traffic to exit from the security side of the Airport into the public area of the terminal. It is located adjacent to the baggage claim area. The pedestrian traffic utilizing this exit may include, but is not limited to, arriving passengers, airline staff, vendors, and Airport employees. OAK could reduce its personnel operating expenses with layout reconfiguration, new security equipment, and/or technology upgrades while maintaining or increasing the existing level of security. The design may also serve to better organize passenger flows in this area and feature new art that will welcome passengers to Oakland. Project costs totaled approximately $11 million with a 6-month construction period. It was completed July 2023.