Airport Capital Improvement Program
Runway 12/30 Rehabilitation
Runway 12/30, the Airport’s main commercial air carrier runway, is fully instrumented. At 10,000 feet in length, it provides landing and take-off distances that accommodate all types of commercial and air cargo aircraft. A runway pavement overlay project completed in 2001 extended the service life of the runway for an estimated 15 years; accordingly, the runway is due for a new overlay. The Runway 12/30 Rehabilitation project includes centerline lighting infrastructure replacement and an overlay of approximately 7,800 linear feet of paving. The project requires careful coordination with the FAA, airlines, and community stakeholders to balance operations and community impacts. The project is expected to be funded primarily through AIP grants and completed in 2017.
Runway Safety Area (RSA) Improvements
All airports were Congressionally mandated to comply with Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) RSA standards by the end of 2015. These standards set forth criteria to enhance safety in the event that an aircraft undershoots, overruns, or veers off a runway. The first major phase of construction for the RSA improvements at OAK began in May 2013 on the primary air carrier Runway 12/30 at the South Field, and was substantially completed in September 2014. Construction of the North Field RSA improvements began in November 2014 and the RSA-compliant runways were completed in November 2015, in advance of the mandated deadline of December, 2015. Remaining elements of the RSA program (electrical upgrades and vehicle service roads) are expected to be completed in 2017 and funded primarily through Airport Improvement Program (AIP) grants.
Port staff continue to implement the Airport’s pavement management program. This program ensures that the pavement at the Airport, one of the Port’s largest assets, is managed in the most cost-effective manner to provide the longest pavement life, ensure aircraft safety, minimize foreign object debris damage, and maximize AIP grant funding.
Airport Perimeter Dike Improvements
The perimeter dike separates OAK’s South Field airfield from San Francisco Bay waters and protects the essential airfield and terminal facilities. The Port has completed a series of studies that assessed existing geotechnical conditions, vulnerability of the dike to storms, sea level rise and potential future seismic events, and identified improvements needed to address those vulnerabilities. Design and environmental review is complete. Construction of the initial phase of dike improvements is programmed to begin in 2017. Approximately $9.2 million is included in the 5-Year CIP to cover the cost of construction of the Phase 1 recommended improvements. Two State Local Levee Assistance Program (“LLAP”) grants amounting to $6.4 million have been received to pay for a portion of the project design, environmental analysis costs, and construction. The LLAP was created in 2006 when California voters approved Proposition 84, which provided funds for programs to evaluate and repair local levees and flood control facilities.
Terminal 1 Retrofit and Renovation Program:
The Port continues to work on the renovation and retrofit of OAK’s Terminal 1 (T1 Program), in a phased approach. The T1 Program focuses on replacing aging infrastructure, bringing building systems up to code, and reducing life-cycle costs. The overall program for the terminal renovation is called “Moving Modern”. During FY 2016, the implementation of major life-safety and infrastructure improvements in building M102 was on-going, including the construction of exterior shear walls and micropiles (foundation elements), the demolition of the South Field air traffic control tower, and initiation of the installation of interior seismic bracing and other infrastructure work, which will be accomplished while maintaining full operation of the security checkpoint. The project is expected to be completed in spring 2017. The T1 Program is funded primarily by Passenger Facility Charges (PFCs).
International Arrivals Building (IAB) Upgrade:
This project includes upgrades to improve reliability and functionality of the dated facility to better serve the international passenger market, including a new baggage carousel and expanded passenger processing. The project involves coordination with and design approvals with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). During FY 2016, the project concept and schematic design was approved by the CBP, and final design packages are being finalized. The IAB Upgrade Project will be funded primarily by PFCs and completed in 2017.
Replacement of Passenger Boarding Bridges with Pre-conditioned Air
Five passenger boarding bridges serving Terminal 1 were installed in 1991 and had exceeded their 20-year useful life. The boarding bridges replacement project was completed in FY 2014, for an estimated cost of $6.9 million funded with PFCs. Concurrent with this project, new pre-conditioned air (PCA) units were installed on four of the new bridges. This project is estimated to cost about $2.2 million, of which approximately 80% will be funded using Voluntary Airport Low Emissions (VALE) grants. 100% of the 29 passenger boarding bridges at OAK are now equipped with PCA, which reduces emissions at the airport.
TSA Recapitalization of Baggage Screening Equipment
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) Electronic Baggage Screening Program (EBSP) has undertaken a national recapitalization effort because many of the existing checked-bag Explosives Detection Systems (EDS) deployed at airports throughout the country are nearing the end of their projected useful life. The recapitalization effort refers to the replacement of EDS machines, typically with a newer model EDS machine with similar or better throughput and capabilities. The TSA selected OAK as a priority airport to participate in the TSA’s program to recapitalize the EDS located within the Checked Baggage Inspection System of Terminal 2. The Port is required to design and implement terminal infrastructure modifications needed for the installation of EDS within the baggage screening area. The Port has entered into an Other Transaction Agreement (OTA) that requires the TSA to largely cover design and construction costs. It is expected that construction will begin in 2016 and will be completed by late 2017.
Ground Access and Parking
In November 2014, the Bay Area Rapid Transit District (BART) completed construction on the Oakland Airport Connector project, which improves access between the Airport and the regional rail transit system using an automated people mover (Doppelmayr Cable Car). The 3.2-mile system includes elevated guideway sections along Hegenberger Road, a tunnel beneath Doolittle Drive, and at-grade and elevated sections for the 1.1-mile segment that is located on Airport property approaching the terminal facilities, with stops at BART’s Coliseum Station and the Airport Station. BART was responsible for the design and construction of this project with coordination, input, and financial contribution from the Port ($45.4 million funded by Passenger Facility Charges (PFCs)).
Bike Path on Ron Cowan Parkway
As part of accepting a permit from the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission (BCDC), the Port agreed to extend a Class I bike lane along the south side of Ron Cowan Parkway that connects Airport Drive to Harbor Bay Parkway. This project was completed during FY 2015 at an estimated cost of approximately $1.7 million.
OAK has an extensive utility network, serving approximately 2,600 acres of land area. Water, stormwater, sewer, and electrical infrastructure are vital to the ongoing operation of Airport facilities; failures must be avoided through a combination of maintenance and on-going capital investment. Approximately $24.9 million has been included in the 5-Year CNA for utility infrastructure projects. These projects include water and sewer upgrades, pump house and sewer lift station replacements, and electrical substation overhaul and upgrades. Because of the extent of aging, improvements have been prioritized based on need and master plan assessment. The replacement of Pump Station No. 6 is one of several projects intended to renew and modernize critical portions of OAK’s stormwater management infrastructure based on recommendations of the Stormwater Master Implementation Plan completed in 2009. OAK’s sewer system infrastructure is also being upgraded. Upgrades to Lift Station 1 will be completed in Fall 2016 and the design of upgrades to Lift Station 2 will begin in Fall 2016.